ACUTE LEUKEMIA

Acute Non-Lymphocytic Leukemia

All leukemia comes from blood cells, which normally function to provide the body's cells with oxygen (red blood cells), protect them from invading germs (white blood cells), and promote blood clotting after an injury (platelets). This system usually functions beautifully, and it's proper workings are crucial to human life. The division of these blood cells is normally under tight control. When a cell starts dividing out of control, it becomes "cancerous."

Cancer starts in just one cell! Acute leukemias are cancers of blood cells, and are one of two basic types. The first is "Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia" (ALL) which starts in a popular type of white blood cell ("lymphocyte"), and the second is "Acute Non-Lymphocytic Leukemia" (ANLL) which includes cancers arising from every other type of blood cell besides the lymphocyte.

"Acute Myelocytic Leukemia" (AML) is the most common type in this second category. It is critical to get prompt diagnosis and proper treatment for acute leukemia; this can literally make the difference between life and death. Understanding your options will give you the peace-of-mind of knowing you have done everything possible to ensure a successful outcome for yourself or a loved one.

The Cancer Group Institute's material explains, in plain English, the definition, types, risk factors, frequency, symptoms, evaluations, historical and latest effective treatments for acute leukemia. We describe chemotherapy, radiation, immune therapy and bone marrow transplantation, along with their side-effects and results. While we don't promise cure, we tell you everything you must know to help you make the right choices today for dealing with an acute leukemia problem.

ANAL CANCER

sphincter sparing

The anus is the last portion of the bowel, and an amazing organ for preserving human dignity. It can tell the difference between solid, liquid, and gas, releasing each at the proper time. Common problems in this area include itching and hemorrhoids, but rarely cancer may develop in the anal canal. There are actually four types of tissue in the anal canal, which can give rise to different cancers.

If someone develops anal cancer, it is critical to get prompt diagnosis and proper treatment. Getting the best treatment can make the difference between having an "sphincter sparing" operation, where the anus is preserved, or having to wear a colostomy bag to drain stool from the abdomen. Moreover, proper treatment can make the difference between life and death. Understanding your options will give you the peace-of-mind of knowing you've done everything possible to ensure a successful outcome for yourself or a loved one.

The Cancer Group Institute's material explains, in plain English, the definition, types, risk factors, frequency, symptoms, evaluation, historical and latest effective treatments for anal cancer. We describe surgery, radiation and chemotherapy along with "anal sparing" procedures. We cover expected side-effects and results. While we don't promise a cure, we tell you everything you must know to help make the right choices today in dealing with an anal cancer problem.

BLADDER CANCER

Bladder Cancer occurs in many different forms and it's proper treatment can be confusing for both the doctor and patient. While removal of the bladder was the historic treatment for any bladder tumor invading muscle, today new treatment options most often allow the bladder to be saved, with no decrease in patient survival. It is critical to understand you options up front in dealing with bladder cancer. This can literally make the difference between life and death. Being well educated about this cancer will give you the peace-of-mind knowing you have done everything possible for a happy outcome. The Cancer Group Institute's material explains to you, in plain English, the definition, frequency, risk factors, symptoms, evaluation, staging, historic and latest effective treatment for bladder cancer. We describe surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. We tell you everything you need to know to help you make the right choices today.