BONE CANCER

While most cancer in bone is from spread of other cancers there (such as lung or breast cancer) certain patients get "primary bone cancer". This means the cancer actually primary bone canceroriginates in the bone. Historically the treatment of these cancers was drastic amputation of a limb or other major operation to remove the bone. Unfortunately, patients often died anyway. However, newer research has shown more effective treatment for bone cancers; patients today are often cured while keeping their limb. It is crucial to be educated and make the proper treatment choices for bone cancer. This can make the difference between keeping or loosing the limb, or life and death. It is important to have the peace-of-mind of knowing you have done everything possible to fight this cancer successfully.

The Cancer Group Institute's materials explain, in plain English, the definition, types, frequency, symptoms, evaluation, historical treatment and results, and latest effective treatments and results for bone cancer. We describe surgery, radiation and chemotherapy and tell you their results. We tell you everything you need to know to help you make the right decisions today for a bone cancer problem.


BRAIN CANCER BACKGROUND

Once the brain cells stop dividing in childhood, they are never meant to divide again. If the brain is injured, such as by trauma or a stroke, specific cells within the brain (the "glial cells" ) divide to form scar tissue, but the brain's thinking cells (the neurons) don't reproduce (although damaged ones may be repaired). glial cells You can see that the division of brain cells is under strict regulation and control. When this control is lost in a single cell, then it starts dividing in an uncontrolled manner. Brain cancer starts in just one cell. As the cell makes more and more copies of itself, it grows to form a tumor (which means a swelling). A benign tumor stays where it starts, although it can grow very large and press on crucial areas. In contrast, a malignant tumor has a capacity to spread, and is then called "brain cancer".

"Primary" brain cancer starts within the brain, and is the main subject of this transcript. In contrast, "secondary" brain cancer starts in some other organ (like lung or breast) and then spreads to the brain. This is called "brain metastasis", as is much more common than primary brain cancer.

The Cancer Group Institute's material describes the definition, frequency, risk factors, workup and evaluation of the brain cancer patients, in plain English for you. We tell you everything you need to know to understand a brain cancer problem to help you deal with it successfully.


BRAIN CANCER TREATMENT

Historically, treatment of brain tumors has used surgery, radiation treatment and/or chemotherapy. Each of these has improved dramatically over the past decades. It is criticalfor the patient to get the correct treatment for brain cancer, the first time. This is because treatment of relapsed cancer isn't as successful as proper initial treatment when the diagnosis is first made. Nonetheless, newer techniques of pinpoint-accuracy radiation, microsurgery, chemotherapy and gene therapy offer more hope to the patient with brain cancer than ever before.

The Cancer Group Institute material explains, in plain English, the specifics of the particular therapies and the latest effective treatment- everything you need to know to deal knowledgably with a brain cancer problem.