MELANOMA

melanoma

The melanocytes are special cells that produce a pigment, called melanin, which gives us our coloring. Black people have more melanin production in their skin, while Caucasians have less. Albinos have none at all. Their skin is pure white and their eyes are light blue or pink. Besides for the skin, melanin-producing cells are also found in the mouth, eye, gut and vaginal areas.

A cancer starting in the melanocytes is called a "melanoma." If someone develops melanoma, it is critical to get prompt diagnosis and proper treatment; this can literally make the difference between life and death. Fortunately, newer treatments give greater hope for melanoma patients than before. Understanding your options will give you the peace-of-mind of knowing you have done everything possible to ensure a successful outcome for yourself or a loved one.

The Cancer Group Institute's material explains, in plain English, the definition, types, risk factors, frequency, symptoms, evaluation, historical and latest effective treatments for melanoma. We describe surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and new immune treatments, along with their side-effects and results. While we don't promise a cure, we tell you everything you need to know to help you make the right choices today in dealing with a problem of melanoma.

MOUTH CANCER

The mouth is an amazing machine for speech and eating, it actually starts the process of digestion. Normally good mouth hygiene ensures healthy teeth, and a lifetime of trouble free chewing (the muscles of the jaw are the strongest of the body). Occasionally people develop a cancer in the mouth. From a cancer doctor perspective, the mouth is anything forward of the last molar, up to the lips. This includes the part of the tongue we see in the mirror, the hard palate, and the inside of the cheeks. Anything behind the last molar is called "oropharynx" and is a different area which includes the tonsils and base of tongue. The treatment for cancers in these areas are different. It is critical to get prompt diagnosis and proper treatment for a mouth cancer problem, this can make the difference between mutilating surgery or an excellent cosmetic r or even life and death. Understanding your options indealing with a mouth cancer problem will give you the peace-of-mind of knowing that you have done everything possible to ensure a successful outcome for yourself or a loved one.

The Cancer Group Institute's material explains, in plain English, the definition, types, risk factors, frequency, evaluation, historical and latest effective treatments for the various mouth cancers. We describe surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, along with the their side-effects and results. While we don't promise a cure, we tell you everything you must know to help you make the right choices today for a mouth cancer problem.

MULTIPLE MYELOMA PLASMA CELLS

What is Multiple myeloma?

Multiple myeloma is basically a cancer of the plasma cells, meaning that they are multiplying out of control. The plasma cells secrete the antibodies that the body uses to fight infections from germs. The body normally keeps a tight control on its cells' division, so that dividing cells can properly replace those lost through oldage or injury. For the immune system, a great quantity of specific antibody is only needed to fight a specific invader, because the antibody produced for each type of germ is different.

For example, if a person has strep, there is no need to produce massive quantities of antibody against tetanus! Interestingly, the immune system is partly regulated by a class of "T" lymphocytes, called "T-suppressor" cells, which block excessive production of unneeded antibodies. Thus, the "T" lymphocytes not only stimulate the immune system via the "T-helper" cell, but they also calm it down through the "T-suppressor" cells. A cancer of the the immune system starts in just one cell. There are particular cancers for "T" cells and "B" cells, including leukemias and lymphomas. Multiple myeloma is the particular name for uncontrolled division of the plasma cells. Since it starts in just one cell, all of the plasma cells produced should look identical, and moreover, produce the same antibody, also called "immunoglobulin". When this production is well controlled, it fights disease. When it is out of control, it is a cancer. When it is in just one place in the body, it is called plasmacytoma. When it is in multiple areas, it is called multiple myeloma.

It is critical for survival to treat multiple myeloma. Appropriately The Cancer Group Institute's material explains, in plain English, the definition, frequency, risk factors, symptoms, evaluation, staging, historic treatments and results, and the latest effective treatment for multiple myeloma. We tell you everything you need to know to help fight this cancer successfully.